Adjuncts are constituents that function as additional modifiers in a sentence or phrase. Adjuncts stand in contrast to Arguments (definition) and Complements (definition). Typical Adjuncts include Adjectives, Adverbs, Prepositional Phrases, but other categories like Verb Phrases, Clauses and Noun Phrases can also function as adjuncts.
Some examples of adjuncts in English:
- The very big book
- She ate the pizza quickly
- Frank bought the stereo with all his money
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Carnie, Andrew (2010) Constituent Structure. Oxford University Press.