Allomorph (definition)

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Allomorphs are variant forms of morpheme, for example the plural suffix -s can be pronounced three different ways depending upon context. After voiced sounds like [g] it is pronounced [z] (e.g. in the word dogs) , after voiceless sound like [k], it is pronounced as [s] as in tacks, and after sounds like [s], it's pronounced as [əs]. Each of these variant forms is an allomorph of the plural morpheme.

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  • Crystal, D. (2008) Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. 6th Edition. Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Matthews, P. H. (1997) The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.