A clause is a collection of phrases, such that there is a predicate (typically a verb) and a number of arguments. The simplest kind of clause is a sentence such as I left or I saw Sarah. Clauses can be embedded, as in I thought that Bill ate the pizza. Clauses can be tensed or finite (e.g. John left) or non-finite (e.g. I want John to leave).
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- Crystal, D. (2008) Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. 6th Edition. Wiley-Blackwell.