A diphthong is a complex vowel that is considered a single sound but the tongue moves from one part of the mouth to another within a single syllable. For example, the vowel in the English word eye consists of two parts an /a/ vowel (as in the first vowel in father) followed by an /i/ vowel (essentially the vowel in feet).
- the diphthongs in English are [aj, aw, oj].
- diphthongs in Gaelic include but are not limited to [iə, aw]
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- Ladefoged, D. (2010) A Course in Phonetics. 6th Edition. Wadsworth Publishing.