Present Participle (definition)
In English, the present participle is the form a verb takes when it ends in -ing. It is closely related to the Gerund, which is the nominal form of a verb that ends -ing. It has two uses: first as the verb form used in progressive clauses such as I'm leaving. The other is as an adjective as in the dancing bear.
Gaelic has no present participle. Instead, verbal nouns are used in the progressive (e.g. Tha mi a' falbh). Various other means are used for expressing adjective forms of verbs, such as the verbal adjective and complex phrases.
- Lamb, William (2003) Scottish Gaelic. 2nd edition. Munich: Lingcom Europa
- Crystal, D. (2008) Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. 6th Edition. Wiley-Blackwell.
- Matthews, P. H. (1997) The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.