Stems are the structures that affixes attach to. Not to be confused with roots, stems can be internal complex. For example, given the word sing-ers the verb sing is both the root and the stem for –er; the complex structure singer is the stem for the plural affix -s.
The links below takes you away from the Gaelic Wiki to Wikipedia. Since wikipedia pages can be edited by anyone, they often contain inaccurate information. So be careful!
- Crystal, D. (2008) Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. 6th Edition. Wiley-Blackwell.
- Matthews, P. H. (1997) The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.