Stem (definition)

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Stems are the structures that affixes attach to. Not to be confused with roots, stems can be internal complex. For example, given the word sing-ers the verb sing is both the root and the stem for –er; the complex structure singer is the stem for the plural affix -s.

See Also

External Links

The links below takes you away from the Gaelic Wiki to Wikipedia. Since wikipedia pages can be edited by anyone, they often contain inaccurate information. So be careful!


  • Crystal, D. (2008) Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. 6th Edition. Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Matthews, P. H. (1997) The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.