Velarization, also known as broadening in the literature on Gaelic, is a shift in pronunciation such that a sound is pronounced closure to the soft palate or velum. In Gaelic, velarization is sometimes used as a morphological cue in Noun Declension.
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- Lamb, William (2003) Scottish Gaelic. 2nd edition. Munich: Lingcom Europa
- Ladefoged, D. (2010) A Course in Phonetics. 6th Edition. Wadsworth Publishing.