This page is provides a definition for a technical term, to learn about Aspect in Scottish Gaelic see Aspect
Aspect is a grammatical term that refers to the duration of an event or state described by a verb. For example, an event that is ongoing in duration is characterized by either the imperfective or progressive. The progressive in English is marked by pairing the Auxiliary verb 'be' with a present participle or gerund like 'walking'. The sentence "I am walking" is in the progressive aspect, because it indicates that the duration of the event is on-going.
Aspect is often confused with tense, which is the time at which an event occurs (relative to the time of speech); voice, which is an operation that changes the number and type of arguments; and mood, which is the speaker's attitude towards the event; but is a distinct notion from all of these.
The general concept of aspect can be divided into two smaller categories:
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- Crystal, D. (2008) Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. 6th Edition. Wiley-Blackwell.