A phrase that completes the meaning of a predicate or head. Complements are often obligatory.
- The book of poems (complement to a N)
- To the store (complement to a P)
- afraid of spiders (complement to an adjective)
- ate waffles (complement to a verb)
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Carnie, Andrew (2006) Syntax: A Generative Introduction 2nd Edition. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.