Copulae in Gaelic
examples taken from Fisher (2004)
- Cò thusa
- Is mise Mòrag
- An tusa Ealasaid
- Cha mhise Ealasaid
- Chan ise Peigi
- Is e am biadh feòil
the augment pronoun is used in clefts and in equative constructions.
- e used with masculine nouns Is e Iain a tha ...
- i used with feminine nouns Is i Dollog a tha...
- iad used with plural nouns: is iad na daoine a tha...
- ann used with predicates (VPs, Adjective Phrases, Prepositions.
In the Modern Language:
- e, i, and iad are all just replaced by e: 'S e na daoine a tha...
the copula is used to link to noun phrases:
- Is ciobair Iain (predicative)
- Is e Iain an ciobar (equative)
Used in clefts
Used in certain experiencer constructions
- Is toigh leam/Is toil leam I like
- dè an dath "what is the color?:
Fisher, Muriel (2004) Scottish Gaelic: Level 1. Each-Mara Publications