Lexical Aspect (Aktionsart) (definition)

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Lexical Aspect (Aktionsart) refers to the state of completion of a verb as is inherent in the meaning of the expression. It involves the notion of a natural endpoint of an action (telicity) and whether or not the action is seen as being drawn out in time (duration). For example, the action of eating an apple is complete when the apple is eaten. The action of killing is lexically completed when the killed party is dead. etc.

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  • Crystal, D. (2008) Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. 6th Edition. Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Matthews, P. H. (1997) The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.