Particles are small words that express grammatical information. Gaelic makes extensive use of particles. For example questions, negation and aspect are all marked with small grammatical particles. In the sentence A' Bheil thu air dol? (Have you gone?), A' and air are both particles.
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- Crystal, D. (2008) Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. 6th Edition. Wiley-Blackwell.
- Matthews, P. H. (1997) The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.