Voice in Phonetics (definition)
Voicing refers to whether or not the vocal cords are vibrating. Sounds like [m] are voiced, the vocal cords vibrate throughout its articulation. By contrast a sound like [s] is unvoiced or voiceless. In Gaelic the sounds that are voiced include [m, n, l, r, N, L, R, v, w, g, ɣ] and all the vowels. The voiceless sounds include [f, s, k, x]. The stop sounds of Gaelic do not contrast in voicing. Instead they contrast in aspiration (the sounds written as "p, t, c" are aspirated: [pʰ, tʰ, kʰ] or preaspirated [ʰp, ʰt, ᵡk]; the sounds written as b, d, g are unaspirated [p, t, k]
The following links on this page go to wikipedia.org. Although more complete, wikipedia.org articles should be used with care as anyone can edit them, and are subject to vandalism and inaccuracies.
- Interactive IPA Charts
- Crystal, David. (1997) A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. Oxford, UK: Blackwell.
- Ladefoged, Peter (1993) A Course in Phonetics Third Edition. London: Harcourt Press.
- Matthews, P. H. (1997) The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.