Manner of Articulation (definition)

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The manner of articulation refers to the type of constriction found in [[Consonant (definition)|consonant] sounds. When we have complete closure and no air passes through the sound has the manner known as stop, because all the air is stopped in the mouth. Sounds with close articulation, so that noisy frication is created are called fricatives. Sounds with a fairly open articulation are known as appoximants

Here are some links to some manners of articulation:

See Also

External Links

Some of the following links on this page go to Although more complete, articles should be used with care as anyone can edit them, and are subject to vandalism and inaccuracies.


  • Crystal, David. (1997) A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. Oxford, UK: Blackwell.
  • Ladefoged, Peter (1993) A Course in Phonetics Third Edition. London: Harcourt Press.
  • Matthews, P. H. (1997) The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.