Grammatical Aspect (definition)

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Aspect refers to the speaker's perspective on the duration or completeness of an event described. For example, if the action is on going relative to a reference time, it is marked by the Progressive Aspect (definition) as in the English I was eating my cereal. If the action is completed relative to a reference time, then it is marked with the perfect, as in I had eaten. Grammatical Aspect is aspect that is expressed through grammatical means: either by verbal inflection, by the use of particles, by the use of auxiliary verbs, or by some combination of these.

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  • Carnie, A. (2013) Syntax: A Generative Introduction. 3rd Edition. Wiley Blackwell.
  • Reed, Sylvia L. (2012). The Semantics of Grammatical Aspect: Evidence from Scottish Gaelic. University of Arizona Ph.D dissertation.