Pharyngeal is a place of articulation, wherein sounds are achieved by pressing the tongue root against the pharynx. In the International Phonetic Alphabet, they are rare and contain only voiced and unvoiced pharyngeal fricatives. The symbols of these sounds are [ħ] and [ʕ] and they are not found in Scottish-Gaelic. Languages that do, however, have pharyngeal sounds are Modern Standard Arabic, Somali, most languages of the Northern Caucasus and Berber.
- Velar (definition)
- Glottal (definition)
- Alveolar (definition)
- Dental (definition)
- Palatal (definition)
- Labial (definition)
- Place of Articulation (definition)
- Consonant (definition)
- Crystal, David. (1997) A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. Oxford, UK: Blackwell.
- Ladefoged, Peter (1993) A Course in Phonetics Third Edition. London: Harcourt Press.
- Matthews, P. H. (1997) The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.