Pharyngeal (definition)

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Revision as of 23:06, 25 February 2011 by JohnDoyleWagner (talk | contribs) (definition given, as well as symbols for the pharyngeals, its relevency to ScG and languages in which they can be found.)

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Pharyngeal is a place of articulation, wherein sounds are achieved by pressing the tongue root against the pharynx. In the International Phonetic Alphabet, they are rare and contain only voiced and unvoiced pharyngeal fricatives. The symbols of these sounds are [ħ] and [ʕ] and they are not found in Scottish-Gaelic. Languages that do, however, have pharyngeal sounds are Modern Standard Arabic, Somali, most languages of the Northern Caucasus and Berber.

See Also

External Links


  • Crystal, David. (1997) A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. Oxford, UK: Blackwell.
  • Ladefoged, Peter (1993) A Course in Phonetics Third Edition. London: Harcourt Press.
  • Matthews, P. H. (1997) The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.