Pharyngeal (definition)

From Scottish Gaelic Grammar Wiki
Revision as of 21:44, 8 June 2012 by AndrewCarnie (talk | contribs)

Jump to: navigation, search

Pharyngeal is a place of articulation, wherein sounds are achieved by pressing the tongue root against the pharynx. In the International Phonetic Alphabet, they are rare and contain only voiced and unvoiced pharyngeal fricatives. The symbols of these sounds are [ħ] and [ʕ] and they are not found in Scottish-Gaelic. Languages that do, however, have pharyngeal sounds are Modern Standard Arabic, Somali, most languages of the Northern Caucasus and Berber.

See Also

External Links

The link below takes you away from the Gaelic Wiki to Wikipedia. Since wikipedia pages can be edited by anyone, they often contain inaccurate information. So be careful!


  • Crystal, David. (1997) A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. Oxford, UK: Blackwell.
  • Ladefoged, Peter (1993) A Course in Phonetics Third Edition. London: Harcourt Press.
  • Matthews, P. H. (1997) The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.